At one time we used to be divided by the ideological differences of the Cold War; the western domain and the Russian. We have the two economic systems; Liberal Capitalist and the State Centric of the Communist Economic Capitalism.
The developing countries created what they called the non-aligned movement (NAM) with the names of the time such as; Nehru, Sukarno, Tito Nasser, Nkrumah etc. Though in reality they are all aligned to some major powers.
All the time, nation states have to balance their geopolitical game. At times there were tensions but generally we were able to resolve disputes and conflicts peacefully. With the end of Cold War the multi-polar system comes to an end. Every country adopts a capitalist system in one form and another. Similarly most countries of the world adopt democracy but practice differently in each country.
Some has freedom of expression and associations but others, though called democratic are really authoritarian. In some cases, their intelligence agencies and laws allow for interference and violations of human rights. It's still the old days with unreformed UN behaving in the same way and the major powers exercise their national interest based on geopolitical and geo-strategic ways.
In a way, conflicts started by the big powers remains unresolved. They started them and leave the nations and countries in shambles. That's how things are.
FBSHApost@4 February 2017